Dating violence perpetration
Prevention efforts should consider the roles of physical dating violence and substance use in preventing risky sexual behavior. Adolescent dating violence is commonly experienced by adolescents and is associated with a variety of negative outcomes.Stress and coping and social learning theories suggest that dating violence victimization may predict increased substance use and dating violence perpetration.However, few studies have assessed these relations over time, and existing studies have not assessed physical and psychological dating violence victimization separately nor focused on early adolescent populations.Participants included two cohorts of sixth grade students who reported being involved in a dating relationship at Waves 1 and 2 (N = 2,022; 43% female; 52% African American, 21% Latino/a, 20% European American, and 7% other).
A sample of Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic male and female adolescents from seven public high schools in Texas ( = 882) participated.Republic of the Philippines Congress of the Philippines Metro Manila Twelfth Congress Third Regular Session Begun and held in Metro Manila, on Monday, the twenty-second day of July, two thousand three. 9262             March 08, 2004 AN ACT DEFINING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND THEIR CHILDREN, PROVIDING FOR PROTECTIVE MEASURES FOR VICTIMS, PRESCRIBING PENALTIES THEREFORE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: SECTION 1.Short Title.- This Act shall be known as the "Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004". Declaration of Policy.- It is hereby declared that the State values the dignity of women and children and guarantees full respect for human rights."Sexual violence" refers to an act which is sexual in nature, committed against a woman or her child.It includes, but is not limited to: a) rape, sexual harassment, acts of lasciviousness, treating a woman or her child as a sex object, making demeaning and sexually suggestive remarks, physically attacking the sexual parts of the victim's body, forcing her/him to watch obscene publications and indecent shows or forcing the woman or her child to do indecent acts and/or make films thereof, forcing the wife and mistress/lover to live in the conjugal home or sleep together in the same room with the abuser; b) acts causing or attempting to cause the victim to engage in any sexual activity by force, threat of force, physical or other harm or threat of physical or other harm or coercion; c) Prostituting the woman or child. "Psychological violence" refers to acts or omissions causing or likely to cause mental or emotional suffering of the victim such as but not limited to intimidation, harassment, stalking, damage to property, public ridicule or humiliation, repeated verbal abuse and mental infidelity.
These findings highlight the need to address dating violence early in middle school, so as to prevent negative outcomes associated with victimization by a dating partner.